Treatments

Currently Browsing:Cancer Center

Currently Browsing:General and Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • Endocrine Surgery Program

    The Massachusetts General Hospital Endocrine Surgery Program provides comprehensive, expert treatment for diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands, including thyroid cancer.

    Request an appointment Refer a patient

    Call to refer a patient or request an appointment: 617-643-7359

Currently Browsing:Pediatrics

  • Psychology Assessment Center

    The pediatric neuropsychology specialists at Massachusetts General Hospital’s Psychology Assessment Center provide neuropsychological assessments to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological, medical, genetic and developmental disorders.

    For more information, please call: 617-643-3997

Currently Browsing:Surgical Oncology

  • Endocrine Surgery Program

    The Massachusetts General Hospital Endocrine Surgery Program provides comprehensive, expert treatment for diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands, including thyroid cancer.

    Request an appointment Refer a patient

    Call to refer a patient or request an appointment: 617-643-7359

About This Condition

Parathyroid Tumor

What is a parathyroid tumor?

A parathyroid tumor is a growth inside a parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are 4 small glands located in the neck near the thyroid gland. They are part of the endocrine system that regulates hormones in the body. The parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone that regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Parathyroid tumors may cause increased levels of parathyroid hormones, leading to increased levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia). Most parathyroid tumors are benign (noncancerous) adenomas. Cancers of the parathyroid are very rare.

What are symptoms of a parathyroid tumor?

If the parathyroid tumor causes symptoms, they may include:

  • Aches and pains, especially in the bones

  • Kidney problems, including pain in the upper back

  • Depression

  • Abdominal pain

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Fatigue

  • Excessive urination

  • Confusion

  • Muscle weakness

The symptoms of a parathyroid tumor may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

Treatment for a parathyroid tumor

Surgery is the main treatment for parathyroid tumors. Radiation therapy and medicines that lower calcium levels in the blood may be needed as well. In some situations, chemotherapy may be recommended. 

Patient Education

  • Maxwell V. Blum Cancer Resource Center

    The Maxwell V. Blum Cancer Resource Center is a program that offers a range of support resources around the Cancer Center. The center has an ongoing mission to make support services, as well as respite and community-building areas, more accessible to patients and families throughout the Cancer Center.