What is Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is characterized by progressive muscle weakness, and a noticeable loss of muscle tissue.
What are the risk factors for Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
Inherited or spontaneously mutated genes.
What causes Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder, meaning that it affects boys and is inherited from the mother. Two-thirds of cases have a positive family history, whereas one third have no family history and are due to spontaneous mutations.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by a loss-of-function DNA mutation leading to defects in normal dystrophin protein that is essential to muscle stability and growth.
What are the symptoms for Duchenne muscular dystrophy?
Symptoms include progressive muscle weakness.
How is Duchenne muscular dystrophy diagnosed?
Treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Currently there are no specific FDA-approved treatments for any form of muscular dystrophy, and to date corticosteroid is the only medication that has demonstrated any benefit in altering the progression of the disease.
Since the heart and breathing muscles are also affected, there is a need for close monitoring and treatments from cardiology and pulmonary specialists.
A physician may also recommend different types of therapy in addition to medication to help treat the symptoms of the disease. Therapies may include physical therapy, mobility specialists, orthotists and orthopedic consults for support of overall function, other medical specialists including GI, endocrinology, nutrition, and psychology. Family, parent, and sibling support are also invaluable.
Mass General is dedicated to being as accessible and accommodating as possible for patients, visitors and staff with disabilities.
Massachusetts General Hospital's ambassadors and volunteer escorts can provide special assistance as needed to patients and visitors arriving at or being discharged from the hospital.
Call the Mass General Physician Referral Service at 800-388-4644 for help finding a specialist.