What is menopause?
Menopause is the cessation of the menstrual cycle (periods) in women. Women may have erratic and infrequent periods for several years before periods stop completely.
When does menopause occur?
The average age that a woman experiences menopause is 51 years. Most women experience menopause between the ages of 45 and 55. However, some women have early menopause, which can occur in their late 30s to early 40s. Others may continue to have periods into their late 50s.
The time leading up to menopause is called perimenopause, which can range from 2 to 10 years. During perimenopause, periods can stop and then start again.
Hormone testing generally is not helpful to determine when menopause will occur because estrogen and progesterone levels go up and down during the menstrual cycle and cannot predict when a woman is close to menopause. Levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) increase as a woman nears menopause, but a test cannot predict exactly when menopause will occur.
What are the most common symptoms of menopause?
Each woman may experience the symptoms of menopause differently. Some women have no symptoms before or after their periods stop, while others may have some or all common symptoms.
Symptoms may include:
What are treatment options for the symptoms of menopause?
Specific treatment for menopause should be recommended by a health care provider based on a patient’s:
Medical treatment options for hot flashes and night sweats, also called vasomotor symptoms, may include:
A health care provider may recommend other lifestyle changes to reduce the symptoms of menopause, including:
Herbal or other supplements available over the counter for the treatment of menopausal symptoms are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and have not been tested in FDA-approved clinical trials for their effectiveness. It is important to consult a health care provider and discuss herbal supplements before beginning use.