Oral bone grafts
Simple bone grafts may be needed to prepare a site for implants or to augment sites compromised by periodontal disease or loss of teeth.
Bone grafts are used to fortify areas where the natural bone is compromised or not sufficient to sustain restoration. Common causes of compromised bone include periodontal disease or loss of teeth.
If the dentist determines that the site of a planned implant requires additional bone mass he or she may recommend a bone graft either prior to or in conjunction with the implant placement. Bone grafts may use autologous (the patient's own) bone or an alloplastic or allogeneic bone substitute.
Dental specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery commonly use bone grafting techniques as part of reconstructive and orthognathic surgical procedures, often harvesting a thin slice of bone from the patient's hip, rib or skull to aid in filling large gaps in the mandibular or maxillary jawbones.