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Maxillofacial trauma includes injury to the face or jaws resulting from force or foreign object. Injuries may include damage to the bones, teeth, and soft tissue (skin, cartilage, tongue, mouth).
The most common causes of maxillofacial trauma are accidents (most commonly automobile or workplace), violence, or sports. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, bleeding, bruising, and numbness, while fractures to facial bones may also result in difficulty breathing, speaking or seeing. Maxillofacial trauma may also involve serious or life threatening symptoms, such as brain injury, airway obstruction, excessive bleeding, or shock.
Treatment for maxillofacial trauma varies depending upon the type and severity of the injury. Treatment will include a careful and systematic evaluation of structure and systems, including a comprehensive physical exam and x-rays. In some cases, diagnosis and treatment must be deferred until swelling subsides or until more severe injuries are resolved.
At Mass General, oral and maxillofacial surgery house staff are on-call 24/7 to collaborate with emergency personal in the evaluation and treatment of patients with maxillofacial trauma.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Care Center (patients)
Wang Ambulatory Building
For patient appointments, please call 617-726-2740
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