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The majority of sports injuries are a result of minor trauma to muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons.
The majority of sports injuries are a result of minor trauma to muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons. These injuries are often recognized by the onset of immediate localized swelling, pain, and/or discoloration. The three most common injuries are contusions (bruises), sprains, and strains.
A sprain is an injury to a ligament--a stretching or a tearing. One or more ligaments can be injured during a sprain. The severity of the injury will depend on the extent of injury to a single ligament (whether the tear is partial or complete) and the number of ligaments involved. The most frequently sprained ligaments are in the ankles, knees and wrists. A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon generally caused by overuse, force, or stretching. Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.
A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon generally caused by overuse, force, or stretching. Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.
Two common sites for a strain are the lower back and the hamstring muscles (located in the back of the thigh/knee). Contact sports such as soccer, football, hockey, boxing, and wrestling put people at a higher risk for strains. Strains are also common overuse injuries seen in long distance running, swimming and other endurance sports. Gymnastics, tennis, rowing, golf, and other sports that require extensive gripping can increase the risk of hand and forearm strains. Elbow strains sometimes occur in people who participate in racquet sports, throwing, and contact sports.
Sprains or strains are uncommon in younger children because their growth plates (areas of bone growth located in the ends of long bones) are weaker than the muscles or tendons. Instead, children are prone to fractures.
To speed up recovery, think P.R.I.C.E (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation):
See a doctor if:
Your child's orthopaedic surgeon will perform a comprehensive physical examination to assist in diagnosis. During the examination, the physician obtains a complete medical history of your child and asks how the injury occurred (mechanism of injury). Diagnostic procedures may also help evaluate the problem.
Diagnostic procedures may include:
After the necessary tests have been completed, the physician will evaluate the results and take the appropriate course of action, taking into account the child's activities and lifestyle as well as his/her specific injury. Follow-up visits will most likely be needed for the physician to ensure that progress has been made and treatment is working properly.
Bracing can replace strengthening exercises - FALSE! Strong lower leg muscles provide support to injured ligaments.
Wearing a brace make an ankle weaker - FALSE! As long as you continue your strengthening exercises. Plus, a brace can help improve your balance, thus preventing further injury.
Braces won't fit in shoes - FALSE! Professional and college athletes wear them all the time, and new unobtrusive braces are becoming more and more common.
For more information, on common sprains and strains, use the links below:Ankle Knee
Can Sprains and Strains Be Prevented?YES. There are many things people can do to help lower their risk of sprains and strains:
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse: The clearinghouse provides information on arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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