Research Centers


Jenny W. Rudolph, PhD

The Center for Medical Simulation is a lab that uses highly realistic mannequin simulation to examine communication and cognition in the OR, ER, and ICU. We also examine the dilemmas clinicians face in providing effective feedback, conducting interprofessional negotiations in high-stakes clinical decisions, handling disclosure and apology, and learning to debrief clinical simulations.

Assistant Clinical Professor of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School
Director, Graduate Programs, Institute for Medical Simulation, Center for Medical Simulation
Research Areas

  • Healthcare simulation: Debriefing, reflective practice, psychological safety, assessment
  • Effective feedback as part of the teaching and learning process
  • Understanding and preventing diagnostic error

Description of ResearchSimulation and Debriefing: Enhancing clinicians’ ability to reflect on and improve their teaching skills using experiential, simulation-based learning is the primary focus of my research.  I study how clinicians become “reflective
practitioners”—people capable of examining and adjusting their cognitive routines and emotional reactions to improve patient safety and quality as well as clinical teaching.  I conduct research and teach about the qualities and preconditions of reflective practice in healthcare simulation, especially “debriefing.”  Debriefing is a rigorous post-simulation dialogue that generates insights and behavior change to improve clinical practice. I co-developed a debriefing assessment instrument called the DASH.

Diagnostic error: I have conducted research on clinical problem solving in anesthesia at the Center for Medical Simulation.  Blending these studies with research on accident and errors in high-hazard industries such as nuclear power and chemical processing, I have developed computer simulations of diagnostic problem solving.

Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine

Gray-Bigelow 444
55 Fruit St.
Boston, MA 02114

Phone: 617-726-3030

Public Transportation Access: yes
Disabled Access: yes

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