Research Centers

photo

Large Animal Organ Transplantation Section

The Large Animal Organ Transplantation Section in the Transplantation Biology Research Center at Massachusetts General Hospital comprises three laboratories investigating tolerance induction in transplantation.

The Large Animal Organ Transplantation Section in the Transplantation Biology Research Center (TBRC) at Massachusetts General Hospital comprises three laboratories:

These laboratories utilize partially inbred miniature swine as preclinical large animal models in allotransplantation studies. Three herds of miniature swine homozygous for different sets of histocompatibility antigens at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have been developed by David H. Sachs, MD, Scientific Director of the TBRC, over the past 40 years. These animals show many similarities to human beings, both immunologically and physiologically, facilitating their potential use both as a model for allotransplantation studies and as xenograft donors.

Principal Investigator
David H. Sachs, MD 
Scientific Director, Transplantation Biology Research Center
Head, Large Animal Organ Transplantation Section, TBRC
Immunologist, Massachusetts General Hospital
Paul S. Russell/Warner-Lambert Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
View publications
Email

Rebecca Brophy, Staff Assistant III

David H. Sachs, MD, graduated from Harvard College in 1963, summa cum laude, with a Bachelor of Arts in chemistry, in 1964 with a DES in organic chemistry from the University of Paris and in 1968 with a Doctor of Medicine, magna cum laude, from Harvard Medical School.

From 1968 to 1970, Dr. Sachs trained as a surgical intern and research fellow in transplantation at Massachusetts General Hospital. He then moved to the National Institutes of Health, where he developed a program in transplantation research. In 1991, he returned to Mass General as director of the Transplantation Biology Research Center and the first Paul S. Russell/Warner-Lambert Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School.

Dr. Sachs has published more than 700 articles in scientific journals. His research achievements include:

  • Discovery of Ia (Class II) antigens in 1973
  • Development of monoclonal antibodies to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens
  • Development of a unique large animal model for transplantation using miniature swine
  • Use of mixed marrow reconstitution as a means of inducing specific transplantation tolerance
  • Studies of specific transplantation tolerance of allografts and xenografts

Dr. Sachs is one of the three North American editors of Transplantation and was the founding editor of Xenotransplantation.

Dr. Sachs was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in 1996. He has received the Jean Borel Award in Transplantation, the ASTP/Novartis Established Investigator Award, The Medical Foundation Award and the Roche Ernest Hodge Memorial Award (formerly called the Roche AST Distinguished Achievement Award), the highest award bestowed by the American Society of Transplantation. Dr. Sachs was awarded an Honorary Degree from University of Nantes, France (2006), the Martin Prize for Excellence in Clinical Research (2009) and the Starzl Prize (2011).

Senior Investigators
Robert J. Hawley, PhD
Parsia Vagefi, MD
Kazuhiko Yamada, MD, PhD

Instructor
John Hanekamp, MD, PhD

The Large Animal Organ Transplantation Section leads the following projects:

  • Approaches to tolerance of allogeneic kidney and islet transplants: The major objectives of this project are to improve long-term outcomes following kidney and islet transplantation through research in clinically relevant, non-human primate models and to develop a tolerance-inducing strategy for curative treatment of end-stage diabetic nephropathy using living donor composite islet-kidney transplantation
  • GalT-KO pigs expressing primate CD47 to facilitate organ xenografts: In these studies, we have produced GalT-KO pigs expressing primate CD47 via nuclear transfer. We are analyzing CD47 expression in these pigs, evaluating the efficacy of CD47 expression using in vitro systems, and performing proof-of-concept transplant experiments to validate the usefulness of this product in achieving mixed xenogeneic chimerism and tolerance
  • Tolerance to vascularized allografts in miniature swine: These studies are directed towards the nature of cell populations responsible for adoptive transfer of tolerance, determining whether the thymus is required for breaking and/or reinforcing tolerance and examining the mechanism by which B cell immunity to class I antigens is controlled in animals tolerant of class I-mismatched renal allografts        
  • A tolerance approach to xenotransplantation: The overall goal of this project is to develop a clinically applicable technology for xenotransplantation of porcine organs into primates. The three major approaches to this goal involve transplantation tolerance of the adaptive immune system, overcoming innate immune barriers and avoiding disordered thromboregulation
  • Thymic rejuvenation for the induction of transplantation tolerance: The major objectives of this project are to identify cellular and humoral host elements responsible for thymic rejuvenation, determine their relative roles in this process and use this information to test the hypothesis that rejuvenation of an aged thymus will allow tolerance to be induced in adult animals by the same simple methodology that has been effective for juvenile animals

New procedure, new life

Eight years ago, Jennifer Searl used a handicapped permit to get around campus at the University of New Hampshire. Last October, Searl, 26, ran a half-marathon and felt so good afterward she immediately signed up for another. In between these two extremes lies not only a journey of a thousand steps, but one taken along a path Searl herself blazed - with help from the Massachusetts General Hospital Transplant Center.

Martin awards honor top MGH basic and clinical research published in 2008

MGH Hotline 3.06.09 Two MGH research teams received the first annual Joseph B. Martin Research Awards at the Feb. 11 Celebration of Science Colloquium dinner held in conjunction with the annual Scientific Advisory Committee meeting.

Gaining ground in limb replacement surgery

The first successful replantation of a human limb took place at the MGH in 1962. Now, nearly 50 years later, the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is in the process of reviewing potential candidates for the latest in medical advances – hand transplantation surgery.

Transplant tolerance induction celebrates 10 years

The 10th anniversary celebration of transplant tolerance induction brought together patients with their MGH physicians, nurses and other staff members involved in the program.

Leadership changes at the Transplantation Biology Research Center

After more than two decades of leading the MGH Transplantation Biology Research Center (TBRC), David H. Sachs, MD, is stepping down from his role as director.