Simulated microfluidic cell array

Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering

The Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering at Massachusetts General Hospital comprises physicians, surgeons, engineers and biologists who create novel, engineering-based biomedical approaches to improve the delivery of health care to patients worldwide.

Overview

The Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering engages in the basic sciences, clinical medicine and engineering to solve everyday biomedical challenges for patients. Our team of clinically-inspired engineers, physicians and biologists, among others, use creative scientific approaches to improve health care delivery and further the use of personalized medicine, minimally invasive therapies and new technologies for today’s and tomorrow’s diagnostics and treatments.

The center arises from Massachusetts General Hospital’s clinical research and is the vehicle to support the expansion of the overlapping expertise of three longstanding and successful research and innovation centers: 

  • The Center for Engineering in Medicine
    The center focuses on artificial organ development, biopreservation, metabolic engineering, stem cell bioengineering, microfabrication and nanotechnology, drug delivery and tissue repair
  • The BioMEMS Resource Center
    The center focuses on bridging technological advances in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), biomaterials and biochemical analysis with biological research and clinical diagnostics and treatments
  • The Mass General Burn Research Center
    The center focuses on how to understand the human body’s responses to injury, including the critical role of nutrition in burn care, methods for immediate wound excision and closure in severely injured patients, and the development of artificial skin

Group Members

Senior Investigators

  • Ronald G. Tompkins, MD, ScD
  • Mehmet Toner, PhD
  • Martin L. Yarmush, MD, PhD

Investigators

  • Marianna Bei, DMD, PhD
  • Ramin Haghgooie, PhD
  • Daniel Irimia, MD, PhD
  • Rohit Jindal, PhD
  • Kenneth Kotz, PhD
  • Biju Parekkadan, PhD
  • Laurence Rahme, PhD
  • Nima Saeidi, PhD
  • Shannon Stott, PhD
  • Osman Berk Usta, PhD
  • Basak Uygun, PhD
  • M. Korkut Uygun, PhD
  • Wenzhong Xiao, PhD

Research Projects

Selected research projects of the Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering at Massachusetts Hospital include:

Science

The discovery of new biological insights to better understand living systems:

  • Exploring new methods to measure cell movement and the migration of cancer cells during metastasis (the spread of cancer from one organ or part of the body to another not directly connected to it)
  • Investigating new methods to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cellular scaffolds for tissue engineering of artificial liver
  • Using a systematic evaluation to question the effectiveness of mouse models to reproduce diseases for drug discoveries
  • Developing new studies that challenge the current dogma regarding the underlying mechanisms of multi-system organ failure in critically ill patients

Innovation

The process of translating new ideas that provide tangible benefits to patient health care, usually identified by one or more new patents and often by one or more new diagnostic or therapeutic products:

  • Creating a table-top, central laboratory-equivalent blood analyzer capable of performing several common blood tests at once–all from the same small blood sample (about the size of one very large droplet of blood)
  • Developing the first anti-infective drugs for severe, drug-resistant infections by targeting two critical bacterial processes 
  • Creating engineered cells as model systems to understand the behavior of cells after they are transplanted, with the goal of improving cell therapy delivery and creating products that are more durable
  • Providing new diagnostics tools that can be used for diseases of importance—including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and typhoid fever—in resource-poor settings around the world

Bioengineering

The use of bioengineering in life sciences to better understand diseases important to humans:

  • Using a microfluidic chip-based device to isolate extremely rare (1 in 10 billion cells) circulating tumor cells from the blood of cancer patients for early detection of metastasis and monitoring of cancer treatment
  • Developing microfluidic channel-based devices to mechanically and chemically capture micro- or nano-particles
  • Investigating whole-organ tissue engineering of bioartificial organs for transplantation
  • Exploring new preservation technologies to ensure survival of living cells and complex tissues stored in a frozen or dehydrated state

Publications

Selected publications of the Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering at Massachusetts Hospital include:

  1. Boneschansker L, Yan J, Wong EA, Briscoe DM, Irimia D.Microfluidic platform for the quantitative analysis of leukocyte migration signatures. Nat Commun. 2014 Sep 3;5:4787. PMCID: PMC4155519
  2. Fletcher AL, Elman J, Astarita J, Murray R, Saeidi N, D’Rozario J, Knoblich K, Brown FD, Schildberg F, Nieves JM, Heng T, Boyd RL, Turley SJ, Parekkadan B.Lymph node fibroblastic reticular cell transplants show robust therapeutic efficacy in models of high-mortality murine sepsis. Sci Trans Med. 2014 Aug 13; 6(249):249. PMCID: In process
  3. Berendsen TA, Bruinsma BG, Puts CF, Saeidi N, Usta OB, Uygun BE, Izamis ML, Toner M, Yarmush ML, Uygun K.Supercooling enables long-term transplantation survival following 4 days of liver preservation. Nat Med. 2014 Jul; 20(7):790-3. PMCID: PMC4141719
  4. Lim EJ, Ober TJ, Edd JF, Desai SP, Neal D, Bong KW, Doyle PS, McKinley GH, Toner M.Inertio-elastic focusing of bioparticles in microchannels at high throughput. Nat Commun. 2014 Jun 18;5:4120. PMCID: In process
  5. Karabacak NM, Spuhler PS, Fachin F, Lim EJ, Pai V, Ozkumur E, Martel JM, Kojic N, Smith K, Chen PI, Yang J, Hwang H, Morgan B, Trautwein J, Barber TA, Stott SL, Maheswaran S, Kapur R, Haber DA, Toner M.Microfluidic, marker-free isolation of circulating tumor cells from blood samples. Nat Protoc. 2014 Mar; 9(3):694-710. PMCID:PMC4179254
  6. Saeidi N, Meoli L, Kvas S, Kucharczyk J, Gupta NK, Nestoridi E, Bonab AA, Fischman AJ, Yarmush ML, Stylopoulos N.Reprogramming of intestinal glucose metabolism and glycemic control in rats after gastric bypass. Science. 2013;341: 406-410. PMCID: PMC23888041
  7. Bohr S, Patel SJ, Shen K, Brines M, Cerami A, Berthiaume F, Yarmush ML.Alternative erythropoietin-mediated signaling prevents secondary microvascular thrombosis and inflammation within cutaneous burns. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110: 3513-8. PMCID: PMC3587271
  8. Ozkumur E, Shah AM, Ciciliano JC, Emmink BL, Miyamoto DT, Brachtel E, Yu M, Chen PI, Morgan B, Trautwein J, Kimura A, Sengupta S, Stott SL, Karabacak NM, Barber TA, Walsh JR, Smith K, Spuhler PS, Sullivan JP, Lee RJ, Ting DT, Luo X, Shaw AT, Bardia A, Sequist LV, Louis DN, Maheswaran S, Kapur R, Haber DA, Toner M.Inertial focusing for tumor antigen-dependent and -independent sorting of rare circulating tumor cells. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Apr 3; 5(179):179ra47. PMCID: PMC3760275
  9. Seok J, Warren HS, Cuenca AG, Mindrinos MN, Baker HV, Xu W, Richards DR, McDonald-Smith GP, Gao H, Hennessy L, Finnerty CC, López CM, Honari S, Moore EE, Minei JP, Cuschieri J, Bankey PE, Johnson JL, Sperry J, Nathens AB, Billiar TR, West MA, Jeschke MG, Klein MB, Gamelli RL, Gibran NS, Brownstein BH, Miller-Graziano C, Calvano SE, Mason PH, Cobb JP, Rahme LG, Lowry SF, Maier RV, Moldawer LL, Herndon DN, Davis RW, Xiao W, Tompkins RG; Inflammation and Host Response to Injury, Large Scale Collaborative Research Program.Genomic responses in mouse models poorly mimic human inflammatory diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 26;110 (9):3507-12. PMCID: PMC3587220
  10. Uygun BE, Yarmush ML, Uygun K.Application of whole-organ tissue engineering in hepatology. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Dec;9(12):738-44. PMCID: PMC3732057
  11. Seok J, Xu W, Gao H, Davis RW, Xiao W.JETTA: junction and exon toolkits for transcriptome analysis. Bioinformatics. 2012 May 1; 28(9):1274-5. PMCID: PMC3338022
  12. Jones CN, Dalli J, Dimisko L, Wong E, Serhan CN, Irimia D.Microfluidic chambers for monitoring leukocyte trafficking and humanized nano-proresolving medicines interactions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109(50):20560-20565. PMCID: PMC3528552
  13. Lee J, Li M, Milwid J, Dunham J, Vinegoni C, Gorbatov R, Wang F, Shen K, Hatfield K, Enger M, Shafiee S, McCormack E, Ebert BL, Weissleder R, Yarmush ML, Parekkadan B.Implantable microenvironments to attract hematopoietic stem/cancer cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2012;109:19638-43. PMCID: PMC3511730
  14. Patel SJ, Milwid JM, King KR, Bohr S, Iracheta-Velle A, Li M, Vitalo A, Parekkadan B, Jindal R, Yarmush ML.Gap junction inhibition prevents drug-induced liver toxicity and fulminant hepatic failure. Nat Biotechnol. 2012 Jan 15;30(2):179-83. PMCID: PMC3609650

Contact

Contact Us

Center for Surgery, Innovation & Bioengineering

Massachusetts General Hospital

114 16th Street Charlestown, MA 02129

Visit our website

Back to Top