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Taking medications is an important part of managing asthma symptoms in the short-term and long-term. In this handout, you will learn about the different types of asthma medications. You will also learn how to use an inhaler with and without a spacer.
Taking asthma medications on time and in the correct dose can help manage asthma symptoms in the short-term and long-term. It can also help keep your child’s asthma symptoms from happening less often.
The most important treatment for asthma is to keep your child away from his asthma triggers as much as possible. In addition to this, some children might also need medications to manage their symptoms.
Some common treatments include:
Asthma medication through an inhaler sometimes have a metallic taste that can be unpleasant for children. After your child takes his medication, have him rinse his mouth out with water.
A nebulizer is a machine that helps deliver asthma medications into the lungs. The asthma medication used in a nebulizer starts out as a liquid and turns into a flavorless mist that your child breathes in over a certain amount of time.
Sometimes, nebulizers are easier for young children to use than inhalers. Not every child needs a nebulizer.
Ask your child’s care team if you have questions or concerns.
Your child’s doctor might prescribe one or more inhalers, depending on your child’s needs and symptoms. The steps below work for both controller and rescue inhalers.
If your child’s inhaler has different instructions than the ones below, ask the care team or a local pharmacist.
A spacer is a tube that attaches to the mouthpiece on an inhaler. A spacer, along with a mask, is helpful if your child has trouble keeping his mouth tight around the mouthpiece when taking his medications. It also helps get the medication deeper into the lungs. The steps below work for both controller and rescue inhalers.
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