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Intimate partner violence (IPV), sometimes called domestic violence, can affect people of all ages, cultures and backgrounds, including teens. Learn how to help your teen if they are a victim of IPV or if they are hurting their dating partner from Archana Basu, PhD, of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at MGHfC.
Intimate partner violence (IPV), sometimes called domestic violence, refers to a pattern of behaviors by one partner with the goal of exerting power or control over the other partner. IPV includes dating violence. The purpose of those behaviors is to make the other partner feel fearful.
Violence is never a solution to problems, frustrations or relationship issues.
There are many types of IPV, including:
These behaviors can happen in person or digitally through social networking, websites or text messaging. Learn more about IPV through texting and through social networking.
IPV has a cycle with three phases:
IPV can affect people of all races and from all backgrounds. There are some characteristics that are associated with a higher risk:
There are many consequences of IPV. IPV affects everyone differently. The most common effects include:
There are many factors that can raise your teen’s risk of becoming involved with IPV. These risk factors can include:
It is important to know the signs of IPV so you can support your teen and get them the help they need. The signs of IPV can include:
Here is how you can help your teen if they are experiencing IPV:
Here are other ways you can help your teen:
There are many reasons why your teen might choose not to leave an abusive relationship right away or at all. Some reasons include:
If your teen shows any of the warning signs below, they might be abusing or hurting their partner. The signs can include:
You can learn more about IPV from the following resources:
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