What are the symptoms of kidney failure?

Kidney failure can give a person a wide range of symptoms. Normally, someone with kidney failure will have a few symptoms of the disease, but it’s also possible that a patient will not have any of the following symptoms. Possible symptoms include:

  • Reduced urine production
  • Retention of fluids because your kidney can’t eliminate water waste, which causes swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Seizures
  • More drowsiness or fatigue than usual
  • Constant and persistent nausea
  • Confusion
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Coma

What are the causes of kidney failure?

Kidney failure can occur due to a variety of reasons. Some of the most common include:

  • Loss of blood flow to the kidneys, oftentimes due to a heart attack, liver failure, or dehydration
  • Urine elimination problems through obstructing tumors or through conditions such as kidney stones or a blood clot