How Do Doctors Treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?
There is no cure for PCOS, but symptoms can be managed with help from your child’s care team. Management of obesity can help lower the risk of long-term health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and sleep apnea. Early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS can reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.
One of the most important things your child can do is lose excess weight through healthy lifestyle changes. This can include a healthy diet and increased exercise.
Weight loss through healthy lifestyle changes can help with the following:
- Improved insulin resistance (improved ability to use insulin properly)
- Lower androgen levels
- Less acne
- Fewer issues of facial or body hair
- More regular menstrual cycles
- Lower risk of diabetes and heart disease
- Fewer or improved symptoms of depression
Along with weight loss and lifestyle changes, your doctor might recommend one or more of the following to manage your child’s symptoms:
- Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) to help regulate hormone levels
- Progesterone pills, taken for 10-12 days every month or taken regularly every three months
- Cyclic use of progesterone pills for several days of each month (or every third month) to induce regular periods
- Metformin, a medication to treat insulin resistance
- Other prescription medications to reduce facial and other body hair
- Acne treatments or hair removal products