There are a number of different causes of incontinence in women. These include, but are not limited to: 

  • Abnormalities of the pelvic floor due to the trauma of pregnancy
  • Weak urinary sphincter muscle activity 
  • Irritability of the bladder
  • Abnormal nerve control
On occasion the cause of incontinence may be quite difficult to determine. For these patients, a sophisticated evaluation of the nerves and muscles of the bladder and urethra is necessary. This evaluation is performed in the Urodynamics/Neuro-urology Division where a female clinical nurse specialist conducts the study. The diagnosis is made by physicians with special training in this area. Treatment is performed by the urologic specialist in Female Urology.