Jesse Roberts, MD
Jesse Roberts, MD
Boston, MAPhone: 617-726-3030
About Jesse Roberts, MD
The long-term goals of my laboratory are to explore the fundamental mechanisms of newborn lung injury and to develop novel therapies for pulmonary vascular disease.
Lung injury in children often causes abnormal pulmonary arterial vasoreactivity and muscularization. Through processes that are incompletely understood, many children with lung injury develop progressive and irreversible pulmonary hypertension, intra- and extra-pulmonary shunting of deoxygenated blood, and severe hypoxemia.
In early studies, we observed that low levels of inhaled NO rapidly cause pulmonary vasodilatation. Furthermore, the dilator effect of inhaled NO was limited to the lungs since it did not cause systemic vasodilatation. After evaluating the dose-response to inhaled NO in the laboratory and developing a safe NO delivery system, we performed the first clinical trials of inhaled NO in pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension. Low levels of inhaled NO were observed to safely decrease hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension in critically ill newborns with pulmonary vascular disease and intrapulmonary shunt. Subsequently, my laboratory led a prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, multicenter study that demonstrated that inhaled NO treatment decreases hypoxemia and the requirement for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in newborns with pulmonary hypertension. These studies stimulated investigations of inhaled NO in the pediatric lung through out the world and were pivotal in the acceptance of inhaled NO by the Federal Drug Administration of the United States as a therapy for pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemia in newborns.
Departments, Centers, & Programs:
- Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
- Molecular medicine
- Nitric oxide
- Pediatric anesthesia
- Pulmonary hypertension
Mass General Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
55 Fruit St.
Boston, MA 02114
- MD, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
- Residency, Massachusetts General Hospital*****
- Residency, UC San Diego Main Campus
- Fellowship, Women and Infants Hospital/Care New England
American Board Certifications
- Anesthesiology, American Board of Anesthesiology
- Pediatrics, American Board of Pediatrics
Accepted Insurance Plans
- Aetna Health Inc.
- Beech Street
- Blue Cross Blue Shield - Blue Care 65
- Blue Cross Blue Shield - Indemnity
- Blue Cross Blue Shield - Managed Care
- Blue Cross Blue Shield - Partners Plus
- BMC HealthNet Mass Health MCO/ACO
- Cigna (PAL #'s)
- Commonwealth Care Alliance
- Fallon Community HealthCare
- Great-West Healthcare (formally One Health Plan)
- Harvard Pilgrim Health Plan - PBO
- Health Care Value Management (HCVM)
- Humana/Choice Care PPO
- Maine Community Health Options (MCHO)
- Mass General Brigham Health Plan - ACD
- Mass General Brigham Health Plan - PBO
- Medicare - ACD
- Medicare ACO - ACD
- Medicare ACO - PBO
- OSW - Connecticut
- OSW - Maine
- OSW - New Hampshire
- OSW - Rhode Island
- OSW - Vermont
- Private Health Care Systems (PHCS)
- Senior Whole Health
- Tufts Health Plan
- United Healthcare (non-HMO) - ACD
- United Healthcare (non-HMO) - PBO
- Well Sense Pediatrics
Note: This provider may accept more insurance plans than shown; please call the practice to find out if your plan is accepted.
- Novel mechanisms and therapies for pulmonary vascular disease in pediatric patients.
- Role of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) gas in preventing newborn lung diseases.
- Molecular mechanisms through which NO and cGMP regulate vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation and proliferation.
Description of ResearchMy research focuses on discovering novel mechanisms and therapies for pulmonary
vascular disease in pediatric patients. My team's current work is directed at:
- examining the molecular mechanisms through which NO and cGMP regulate vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and differentiation
- examining how cytokine neutralization may protect NO and cGMP signaling in models of pediatric chronic lung disease
- identifying novel signaling systems that contribute to the pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension in newborns and infants
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