A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.
Interventional Radiology at Mass General offers coil occlusion, a minimally invasive, image-guided therapy, as a treatment for cerebral arterial aneurysms, also known as a brain aneurysm.
Mass General offers image-guided biopsy, a minimally invasive procedure using a needle to draw out fluid or sample tissue for testing. Learn more about this musculoskeletal radiology service.
Mass General offers image-guided Botox injection, a minimally invasive procedure where we inject Botox medicine into a muscle to relieve spasms that may be causing you pain. Learn more about this musculoskeletal radiology service.
Mass General offers joint injection, a minimally invasive procedure where we inject anti-inflammatory steroid and to reduce any swelling around the joint that may be causing your pain. Learn more about this radiology service.
Mass General offers vertebroplasty, a minimally invasive, image-guided therapy, to help treat back pain caused by vertebral fractures. Learn more about this interventional radiology treatment.
What is a lumbar strain?
A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back. This leads to damaged tendons and muscles that can spasm and feel sore. The lumbar vertebra make up the section of the spine in your lower back.
What causes lumbar strain?
Injury can damage the tendons and muscles in the lower back. Pushing and pulling sports, such as weight lifting or football, can lead to a lumbar strain. In addition, sports that require sudden twisting of the lower back, such as in tennis, basketball, baseball, and golf, can lead to this injury.
Certain risk factors can increase the risk for this injury. The risk factors are:
Severe lower back curvature
Weak back or belly (abdominal) muscles
What are the symptoms of lumbar strain?
. Each person's symptoms may be different. Symptoms may include:
Sudden lower back pain
Spasms in the lower back that result in more severe pain
Lower back feels sore to the touch
Some of these symptoms may be caused by other health problems. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is lumbar strain diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, diagnosing low back pain may include the following. However, specialized tests aren't often required.
X-ray. A diagnostic test that produces images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
CT scan. This is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to make detailed images of the body. It shows details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs.
MRI. This test uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to make detailed images of organs and structures in the body.
Radionuclide bone scan. A nuclear imaging technique that uses a very small amount of radioactive material, which is injected into your blood to be detected by a scanner. This test shows blood flow to the bone and cell activity in the bone.
Electromyogram (EMG). A test to evaluate nerve and muscle function.
How is lumbar strain treated?
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Treatment may include:
Ice packs or heat and compression applied to the back
Exercises (to strengthen the abdominal muscles)
Stretching and strengthening exercises (for the lower back as it heals)
Learning how to use and wear appropriate protective equipment
Medicines, such as anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants, and spinal injections, may also be used to ease pain and inflammation.
When should I call my healthcare provider?
Call your healthcare provider if you have any of these:
Can't stand or walk
Temperature over 101.0°F (38.3°C)
Frequent, painful, or bloody urination
Severe belly pain
Sharp, stabbing pain
Pain or numbness in your leg
Pain in a new area of your back
The pain isn’t decreasing after more than a week
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these:
Pain radiating down the leg.
Pain that is accompanied by fever or chills, leg weakness, or loss of control of the bladder or bowels.
Living with lumbar strain
Cold reduces swelling. Both cold and heat can reduce pain. Protect your skin by placing a towel between your body and the ice or heat source.
For the first few days, apply an ice pack for 15 to 20 minutes.
After the first few days, try heat for 15 minutes at a time to ease pain. Never sleep on a heating pad.
Over-the-counter medicines can help control pain and swelling. Try aspirin or ibuprofen.
Exercise can help your back heal. It also helps your back get stronger and more flexible, helping prevent reinjury. Ask your healthcare provider about specific exercises for your back.
Use good posture to prevent reinjury
When moving, bend at the hips and knees. Don’t bend at the waist or twist around.
When lifting, keep the object close to your body. Don’t try to lift more than you can handle.
When sitting, keep your lower back supported. Use a rolled-up towel as needed.
Key points about lumbar strain
Lumbar refers to your lower back.
Strain can cause damage to the tendons and muscles causing pain and soreness.
Nonsurgical methods can cure most low back pain.
Call your healthcare provider if symptoms don’t get better over the next few days or if symptoms get worse.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider:
Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.
News & Publications
The purpose of this study was to quantify and describe the amount of waste generated by an Emergency Department, identify deviations from waste policy and explore areas for waste reduction.
Our publication keeps health care professionals up to date on the latest research and clinical advances from Mass General.
News and notes from the largest hospital-based research program in the United States
The Patient Gateway provides secure online access to your health information whenever you need it. Check upcoming appointments, communicate with your doctor’s office, review medications and pay medical bills—all seamlessly online 24/7.