Patient EducationNov | 20 | 2019
Adrenoleukodystrophy is a genetic disorder that affects the nervous system, adrenal glands (small glands on top of the kidneys) and testes. It causes chemicals called very long chain fatty acids to build up in the body. These fatty acids damage the adrenal glands and myelin sheaths (the protective covering of nerves).
Adrenoleukodystrophy mostly affects males. However, in rare cases, it can also affect females. A person with this disorder can show symptoms anytime between childhood and around age 50.