If you have questions or are concerned, call Pediatric Endocrinology at 617-726-2909.
How Do I Test My Child's Blood for Ketones?
Testing blood for ketones is similar to checking blood sugar. You will need a special ketone testing meter and ketone test strips from your child’s doctor.
Here is how to test your child's blood fro ketones:
- Open the ketone testing kit. Wash your hands and your child’s hands with soap and water.
- Insert a needle into the lancet pen.
- Insert a testing strip into the meter.
- Use the lancet pen on the side of your child’s finger to draw a drop of blood. You need a larger drop of blood than what you use to check his blood sugar.
- Touch the testing strip to the drop of blood.
- Wait for the meter to give you the reading.
- If the reading is 0.6 mmol/L or less, this means your child’s ketone levels are normal.
- If the reading 0.6 – 1.5 mmol/L, test the blood again in 2 hours. Call the doctor after testing. This means your child’s body is starting to make more ketones.
- If the reading is 1.5 mmol/L or higher, call the doctor right away for next steps.
What is Ketoacidosis?
Ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition in which there is a high number of ketones in the blood. Call the doctor if you child shows any of these signs of ketoacidosis:
- Thirst or a very dry mouth
- Frequent urination
- HIgh blood sugar levels
- High ketone levels
- Constantly feeling tired
- Dry or flushed (red) skin
- Nausea, vomiting or stomach pain
- Trouble breathing
- A fruity smell on the breath
- Trouble focusing or feeling confused