How do doctors diagnose hyperthyroidism?

  • A thorough history and physical exam
  • Blood tests to measure levels of thyroid hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins and thyroid peroxidase antibodies
  • Thyroid ultrasound (sometimes necessary)
  • Thyroid scan (sometimes necessary)

How do doctors treat hyperthyroidism?

The goal of treatment is to bring your child’s thyroid hormone levels back to normal. Common treatments include:

  • Beta blockers (in early stages of treatment) to treat symptoms related to high blood pressure, fast heart rate or irregular heart beat
  • Antithyroid medications
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Surgery

Home remedies and over-the-counter supplements are not recommended as treatments. These remedies and supplements are not controlled by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Doctors do not know if they are safe or how well they work.

What is the outcome for my child with hyperthyroidism?

Your child should live a healthy, normal life if they receive treatment and takes their medication correctly.

Rev. 1/2022. Mass General for Children and Massachusetts General Hospital do not endorse any of the brands listed on this handout. This handout is intended to provide health information so that you can be better informed. It is not a substitute for medical advice and should not be used to treatment of any medical conditions.