Pleural effusion, or an accumulation of fluid between the lining of the lung and the chest cavity, is a common condition caused by a variety of benign diseases and malignant tumors. A thoracic surgeon is often involved in draining fluid and establishing the diagnosis.

Malignant Pleural Effusion

A malignant pleural effusion is caused by cancer. The goal of treatment is usually to improve breathing. This is accomplished by draining fluid and preventing fluid from building up again. Different procedures are available depending on the individual stuation. The procedure to prevent fluid from returning is called pleurodesis.