Low bone density may increase your child’s risk for fracture, or broken bones. In this website, you will learn about low bone density and what causes it. You will also learn how we diagnose and evaluate low bone density in children.
Bone density is a measure of how much material is in bone per unit volume of bone. Bone density is one of many things that can affect bone strength. In general, bones that are denser are less likely to fracture (break).
Low bone density is a condition in which bones are less dense than is normal for age and sex. Low bone density used to be called osteopenia. However, this term is no longer used in children.
If your child has low bone density, she may be at higher risk of having a fracture (broken bone). Low bone density for age in children with a significant fracture history is called osteoporosis.