Tips on how to set-up your home and bathroom to prevent falls.

Exercise for improved bone strength and balance

  • Weight bearing exercise such as walking.
  • Balance training such as Tai Chi and upper body strengthening exercises.

Get enough calcium and vitamin D

  • 1200 mg of calcium daily.
  • 1000 to 2000 international units of vitamin D a day.
  • Always check with your doctor or nurse practitioner before starting to take calcium or vitamin D.

Check your eyes at least yearly

  • Have an eye exam yearly.
  • If you have diabetes or eye disease you may need more frequent exams.

Watch your medications

  • Feeling weak and dizzy are possible side effects of many medications and can increase your risk of falling.
  • Talk to your doctor about side effects caused by your medications.
  • Do not start and stop medications, except under your doctor’s direction.

Avoid smoking or excessive drinking

  • Smoking and alcohol consumption can reduce bone strength.
  • Drinking too much alcohol can impair your balance.

Dress appropriately

  • Wear properly-fitting shoes with non-skid soles.
  • Replace slippers that have stretched out of shape and are too loose.
  • Use a long handled shoehorn if you have trouble putting on your shoes.

Fall Prevention at Home

  • Floors
    • Remove all loose wires, cords, and throw rugs. Minimize clutter. Make sure rugs are anchored and smooth. Keep furniture in its usual place.
  • Bathrooms
    • Install grab bars and non-skid tape in the tub or shower.
  • Kitchen
    • Install non-skid rubber mats near sink and stove. Clean spills right away.
  • Lighting
    • Make sure halls, stairways, and entrances are well lit. Install a night light in your bathroom. Turn lights on if you get up in the middle of the night.
  • Stairs
    • Make sure treads, rails, and rugs are secure.
  • Bedroom
    • Place a lamp, telephone and flashlight near your bed.