About this Research Thrust

The Department of Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital seeks to develop critical research findings related to disparities in patient care and outcomes that inform policy, treatments and delivery to better serve diverse and vulnerable populations.

Below are Mass General faculty members who have conducted and published research in this space.

Researchers

Irit Adini, PhD

Irit Adini, PhD, an investigator at the Mass General Center for Engineering in Medicine & Surgery, has a research focus on the role of the melanocytic microenvironment in tissue neovascularization-dependent disorders and inflammatory skin disorders. Specifically, her group aims to uncover molecular basis of differences in the incidence of angiogenesis-dependent diseases among individuals of different skin colors.

Meet Dr. Adini

James Allan, MD, MBA

James Allan, MD, MBA, is the co-director of the Cardiothoracic Transplantation Lab. His current research efforts are focused on developing strategies to promote the long-term acceptance of transplanted organs without the need for immunosuppression across all patient populations.

Meet Dr. Allan

Hugh Auchincloss, MD

Hugh Auchincloss, MD, is a thoracic surgeon with research efforts focused on clinical outcomes for thoracic conditions and racial disparities in health care.

Meet Dr. Auchincloss

David Berger, MD

David Berger, MD, colorectal and gastrointestinal surgeon, conducts research focused on clinical outcomes of colon and rectal cancer.

Meet Dr. Berger

Liliana Bordeianou, MD

The research interests of Liliana Bordeianou, MD, gastrointestinal surgeon, include colon and rectal cancers, diverticular, inflammatory bowel and anorectal diseases, and pelvic floor physiology and disorders.

Meet Dr. Bordeianou

Christy Cauley, MD, MPH

Christy Cauley, MD, MPH, colorectal and gastrointestinal surgeon, focuses on research to understand recovery outcomes of older adults and improve the identification and management of unmet needs of older adults and their caregivers.

Meet Dr. Cauley

David Chang, PhD, MPH, MBA

David Chang, PhD, MPH, MBA, is an associate professor of surgery and the director of health care research and policy development of the Codman Center for Clinical Effectiveness in Surgery. His research focuses on surgical outcomes, disparities, quality improvement and health policy issues.

Meet Dr. Chang

Yolonda Colson, MD, PhD

Yolonda Colson, MD, PhD, is the chief of the Division of Thoracic Surgery. She has a specific research interest in increasing and improving the identification and treatment of lung cancer in the operating room for lung cancer treatment, and in understanding the unique differences of lung cancer in women.

Meet Dr. Colson

Mark Conrad, MD

Mark Conrad, MD, is the director of clinical research in the Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. He conducts research focused on better understanding and improving vascular care across all patient populations.

Meet Dr. Conrad

James Cusack, MD

Research topics in the Cusack Laboratory, led by James Cusack, MD, include molecular targeted therapies for colorectal cancer, melanoma, Merkel cell cancer and carcinomatosis, and improving delivery of surgical cancer care in resource-limited settings.

Meet Dr. Cusack

Leigh Anne Dageforde, MD, MPH

Leigh Anne Dageforde, MD, MPH, is an abdominal organ transplant surgeon with a focus on research that improves access to transplantation care.

Meet Dr. Dageforde

Francis Delmonico, MD

Francis Delmonico, MD, emeritus director of renal transplantation, conducts research to advance transplant access and outcomes.

Meet Dr. Delmonico

Cristina Ferrone, MD

Cristina Ferrone, MD, gastrointestinal surgeon, specializes in research related to gastrointestinal cancers.

Meet Dr. Ferrone

Michele Gadd, MD

Michele Gadd, MD, oncologic surgeon, conducts research focused on reducing the extent of axillary surgery required to treat breast cancer, improving the cosmetic results of treatment and improving the quality of and access to breast cancer care.

Meet Dr. Gadd

Robert Goldstone, MD

The research interests of Robert Goldstone, MD, colorectal surgeon, involve the clinical outcomes of surgical therapy for colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel disease.

Meet Dr. Goldstone

Jeremy Goverman, MD

Jeremy Goverman, MD, burn surgeon, focuses his clinical research on the use of laser for the treatment of burn and traumatic scarring for all patients.

Meet Dr. Goverman

Cornelia Griggs, MD

Cornelia Griggs, MD, pediatric and critical care surgeon, devotes her academic time to health services research. 

Meet Dr. Griggs

Matthew Hutter, MD, MPH

Matthew Hutter, MD, MPH, is a general and gastrointestinal surgeon, director of the Weight Center and the Codman Center. Dr. Hutter's research is focused on the study of clinical effectiveness in surgery for all patients.

Meet Dr. Hutter

Haytham Kaafarani, MD, MPH

Haytham Kaafarani, MD, MPH, is a trauma surgeon, the director of the Center for Outcomes & Patient Safety in Surgery (COMPASS) and the director of trauma and emergency surgery research. His research team uses health services research methodologies and artificial intelligence technology to advance the science of risk prediction as well as quality and safety in surgery across all demographics.

Meet Dr. Kaafarani

Tatsuo Kawai, MD, PhD

Tatsuo Kawai, MD, PhD, specializes in kidney, pancreas and liver transplantation as well as hemodialysis access surgery. His clinical and research interests are primarily focused on development of methods to induce immunological tolerance in organ/cell transplantation.

Meet Dr. Kawai

Cassandra Kelleher, MD

Cassandra Kelleher, MD, is a pediatric general and thoracic surgeon. Dr. Kelleher's laboratory studies late lung development, alveolarization, that is delayed or impaired in many newborn lung diseases. 

Meet Dr. Kelleher

Hiroko Kunitake, MD, MPH

Hiroko Kunitake, MD, MPH, colorectal surgeon, has research interests focused on inflammatory bowel disease, colon and rectal cancer and cancer survivorship.

Meet Dr. Kunitake

Keith Lillemoe, MD

The clinical and research interests of Keith Lillemoe, MD, chief of the Department of Surgery, are in access to pancreatic cancer, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and other benign pancreatic disorders and biliary tract injuries.

Meet Dr. Lillemoe

James Markmann, MD, PhD

James Markmann, MD, PhD, is the chief of the Transplant Center. His research interests include developing ways to perform transplants without immunosuppression, new approaches to alleviate the organ shortage and utilizing pancreatic islets to treat patients with Type I diabetes.

Meet Dr. Markmann

Jahan Mohebali, MD, MPH

Jahan Mohebali, MD, MPH, vascular surgeon, conducts research focused on the operative and long-term management of vascular disease for all patients.

Meet Dr. Mohebali

John Mullen, MD

John Mullen, MD, gastrointestinal surgeon, performs clinical and translational research to optimize the treatment, access and outcomes of patients with soft tissue sarcomas, desmoid tumors and cancers of the stomach.

Meet Dr. Mullen

Ashok Muniappan, MD

Ashok Muniappan, MD, thoracic surgeon, performs research to optimize the treatment, access and outcomes of patients with thoracic conditions.

Meet Dr. Muniappan

T. Salewa Oseni, MD

T. Salewa Oseni, MD, is an oncologic surgeon and the co-director of the Department of Surgery's Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Committee. Dr. Oseni’s research activities are focused on innovations in oncoplastic techniques to optimize the excision of large tumors while preserving the breast, improving clinical outcomes and access, developing methods of assessing risk of malignancy in women with abnormalities on breast imaging and evaluating nipple-sparing mastectomy techniques.

Meet Dr. Oseni

Colleen Ryan, MD

Colleen Ryan, MD, burn surgeon, conducts research focused on improving the care, access and outcomes for people with burn injuries.

Meet Dr. Ryan

David Shahian, MD

David Shahian, MD, is the vice president for the Center for Quality and Safety. His research interests are focused on cardiothoracic risk models and composite measures.

Meet Dr. Shahian

Michelle Specht, MD

Michelle Specht, MD, is an oncologic surgeon. Her research interests are focused on optimizing surgical treatment of breast cancer for all patients. She is particularly interested in patient's who must undergo multiple surgeries to complete treatment for their breast cancer. 

Meet Dr. Specht

George Velmahos, MD

George Velmahos, MD, chief of the Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, researches ways to improve access to trauma treatment and care of traumatic conditions.

Meet Dr. Velmahos

Heidi Yeh, MD

The Yeh Laboratory, led by Heidi Yeh, MD, surgical director of the Pediatric Transplant Program, researches ways to improve access to transplantation and reduce wait list times. Dr. Yeh's research interests include disparities in access to transplantation care and ex vivo machine perfusion to improve organ quality.

Meet Dr. Yeh