Center for Transplantation Sciences
Explore This Lab
The Yeh Laboratory in the Center for Transplantation Sciences (CTS) at Massachusetts General Hospital is dedicated to improving access to transplantation by increasing the pool of transplantable donor organs and promoting patient access to transplant wait lists.
Heidi Yeh, MD
Associate Professor in Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Associate Director Liver Transplant Program
Surgical Director, Pediatric Transplant
Organ Preservation and Repair Group
The organ preservation and repair group uses machine perfusion platforms as diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for functional assessment of organs, improving preservation techniques, repairing untransplantable organs and modifying organs to improve function and decrease immunogenicity and disease recurrence. We are particularly interested in expanding the pool of livers and kidneys for transplantation.
- Kerry Crisalli, RN, BSN, CCRC, research coordinator
- Cray Noah, medical student
- Siavash Raigani, MD, postdoctoral researcher
- Korkut Uygun, PhD, collaborator
- Anna Zhang, medical student
Transplant Outcomes Research Group
The transplant outcomes group is interested in disparities in transplant care and access—including geographic and socioeconomic inequities—and developing solutions to these disparities that are within the scope of the medical community. With Co-Principal Investigator David Chang, PHD, MPH, MBA, we are also expanding our efforts to other surgical specialties beyond transplantation.
- Yanik Bababekov, MD, MPH, postdoctoral researcher
- David Chang, PHD, MPH, MBA, co-principal investigator
- Ya-Wen Chen, MD, MPH, postdoctoral researcher
- Claire DeCrescenzo, MD, postdoctoral researcher
- Yu-Tien Hsu, MD, postdoctoral researcher
- Claire Pernat, medical student
The Yeh Laboratory has the following ongoing research projects:
- Ex vivo liver perfusion: In spite of the organ shortage, many deceased donor livers are discarded as untransplantable though some may have potentially reversible defects such as excessive ischemic injury and steatosis. We are collaborating with Martin Yarmush, MD, PhD, and Korkut Uygun, PhD, at Shriners Burns Hospital, who have developed a defatting cocktail that decreases macrosteatosis in cultured hepatocytes and reverses their pre-existing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) deficiencies and poor response to ischemia reperfusion injury. Using our experience in perfusing livers with excessive ischemic injury (donated after cardiac death with prolonged warm ischemia times), we are using the defatting cocktail in two models: discarded steatotic human livers with a blood reperfusion to simulate transplantation and a fatty liver rat model with actual transplantation of treated steatotic rat livers. This perfusion system also serves as an ideal platform to study hepatocyte lipid metabolism
- Strategies to improve liver regeneration: The liver has a remarkable capacity for regeneration, but at some minimal mass, it fails to regenerate, leaving the host to die of liver failure. This minimal mass has limited our ability to perform hepatic resections for benign and malignant disease, recover patients with fulminant hepatic failure and perform segmental transplantation that would allow single livers to save multiple recipients. In partial hepatectomy models in mice and baboons,inflammatory markers such as IL-6 levels, circulating neutrophil counts and macrophage infiltration into the liver are increased in animals destined to die of liver failure because of liver regeneration failure. We are utilizing various knock-out mice and blocking or depleting antibodies to test the effect of inhibiting these pathways on the ability of the liver to regenerate and the mouse to survive. We have also developed a small segment liver failure model in primates as a preclinical model for testing the efficacy of drugs, extra-corporeal liver assist devices and auxiliary liver xenotransplantation to promote native liver regeneration
- Disparities in access to transplantation: It is estimated that only 20% of patients with end stage liver disease and less than 40% of end stage renal disease patients make it to the wait list for transplantation, and listing rates vary widely across the country. Using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, together with census data, death certificate data and the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) database, we look at the effect of competition, allocation and distribution algorithms, race and socioeconomic status on disparities in access to solid organ transplantation
Center for Transplantation Sciences
The Center for Transplantation Sciences (CTS) at Massachusetts General Hospital conducts critical research to increase the success rates of transplantation and meet the growing demand for organ and bone marrow transplantation.